EPI Research

  • Minimum Wages and the Business Cycle: Does a Wage Hike Hurt More in a Weak Economy?

    January 2014 Dr. Joseph Sabia

    In his 2013 State of the Union address, President Obama called for an increase in the federal minimum wage to $9 an hour. The following month, Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) and Representative George Miller (D-CA) introduced a bill to raise the wage even higher to $10.10 an hour. One year later, President Obama as well as Congressmen Harkin and Miller have agreed on the $10.10 figure. […]
  • Who are the Uninsured? An Analysis of America’s Uninsured Population, Their Characteristics and Their Health

    June 2009

    When reformers talk about our healthcare system, they repeatedly cite the number of uninsured Americans as one of the primary problems in need of a solution. In 2006, the Census Bureau estimates of the uninsured reached 47 million, representing approximately 16 percent of the population. While this number has dominated nearly all healthcare policy debates, it unfortunately remains a relatively coarse measurement and provides little[…]
  • Employer Health Insurance Mandates and the Risk of Unemployment

    September 2007

    This 2007 study looks at the effects of proposed “pay or play” health insurance mandates on employers, and specifically the potential for job loss. Authors first looked at the projected cost of insurance mandates and the potential for resulting wage decreases as employers shift the new costs to workers. Researchers then focused on how many employees currently without health insurance make a wage so low[…]
  • Who Gets What From Employer “Pay or Play” Mandates

    September 2007

    This 2007 study looks at who really benefits from pay or play health insurance mandates. Researchers find that mandates, which required employers to either provide health insurance for their workers or pay a flat tax per hour to offset the cost of health care, are a very blunt instrument for providing health insurance for the working poor. The authors found that not only do a large[…]
  • Comparing The Effects Of Health Insurance Reform Proposals: Employer Mandates, Medicaid Expansions, and Tax Credits

    February 2007

    Overview Over 46 million Americans lacked health insurance in 2005. This problem has increasingly drawn the attention of policymakers at the local, state, and federal levels. Attempts to increase health coverage have generally focused on three main types of policy proposals: mandating employer-paid health insurance, providing tax credits for low-income individuals to buy insurance, and expanding Medicaid to cover more of the uninsured. While many studies[…]
  • The “Fair Share for Health Care Act” and New York’s Labor Market

    April 2006

    New York’s so-called “Fair Share for Health Care Act” imposes a pay-or-play health insurance mandate on firms with 100 or more employees. These firms employ more than 70 percent of New York’s workforce, and would be subject to a tax as high as $3 per hour for covered workers. As a consequence, a firm employing a full-time, full-year worker could be subject to an additional annual[…]