EPI Research (Page 3)

  • The Cost of California’s Health Insurance Act of 2003

    October 2003

    California's recently passed Health Insurance Act of 2003 (HIA) is an extremely costly mandate on employers to provide health coverage for all of their employees. HIA applies to all businesses with more than 20 employees and requires employers to either provide private health coverage or pay into a state fund providing insurance for the working uninsured. This study estimates that HIA will cost California employers[…]
  • Measuring Temporary Labor Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing

    December 2001

    The growth in temporary help supply (THS) employees is one aspect of the recent general trend toward flexible, market-based work arrangements. Such employees are on the payroll of temporary help agencies but they actually work in other sectors of the economy, e.g., manufacturing. There are several reasons for the growth in such flexible work arrangements. First, by reducing the cost and risk of hiring, temporary[…]
  • Evaluating the Effects of Medicaid on Welfare and Work: Evidence from the Past Decade

    December 2000

    Public policies designed to help unskilled workers sometimes have unintended consequences. For example, several public assistance programs intended to assist people with few marketable skills actually impose extremely high penalties when earnings rise. That is, as a family’s income increases beyond a certain point, most or all of their benefits from the support program are lost because program “marginal tax rates” are high. That is,[…]
  • Correcting Part-time Misconceptions

    July 2000

    In the last few years union activists and some policy makers have increasingly portrayed part-time work as problematic. Phrases such as “dangerous part-time work,” “exploited part-time workers,” “non-standard workers,” and sound bites such as “part-time America doesn’t work,” are finding their way into mainstream media. Policy makers have described part-time work as “insecure,” and a result of “defective growth,” in proposed laws. These misconceptions could[…]
  • The Relative Compensation of Part-Time and Full-Time Workers

    July 2000

    Since the UPS strike in 1997, organized labor and some policy makers have been highly critical of part-time employment. At the root of these criticisms is the alleged wage gap experienced by part-time employees. At first glance it appears that part-timers earn substantially less than their full-time counterparts. Dr. Barry Hirsch shows in this study that the apparent wage gap is not nearly as large[…]
  • Targeted Jobs Tax Credits and Labor Market Experience

    June 1998

    The work requirements of the 1996 welfare reform legislation have refocused attention on the need for government programs that help members of economically disadvantaged segments of the population find and keep jobs. In this report, Dr. Tannery examines the effectiveness of one such program, the Targeted Jobs Tax Credit (TJTC). Based upon a long-term analysis of more than 17,000 Pennsylvania workers, he finds[…]